and research projects
research activities of the Branch comprise prehistory and Early Middle Ages
archaeology of Loess Uplands, the Carpathians, the Carpathian Foothills and
More general issues related to European prehistoric and Early Medieval times are also of interest. Very important are environmental archaeology, relationship between the prehistoric humans and their natural setting and micro-regional settlement studies. The Branch works also on materials obtained during systematic excavations. Multidisciplinary studies are coordinated with specialists in paleobotany (reconstruction of natural environment and prehistoric economy), paleozoology (reconstruction of animal stock and prehistoric meat consumption), and physical anthropology. Annual meetings at Igolomia – „Archeobotanical and Archeozoological Workshops” – are devotes to these questions.
Funnel Beaker-Baden multiple burial at Bronocice
A vessel with wagon motifs from Bronocice
In the last
few decades a joint Polish-American research project, involving IHKP PAN, the
Iwanowice, Babia Góra Site. The Mierzanowice culture grave
Neolithic artifacts from Bronocice
The most important archaeological sites recently excavated are: Nowa Biala, Nowy Sacz province (1985-1995; a Middle and Upper Paleolithic rock shelter), Slonowice, Kielce province (1979-1997; cult site, settlement, and Kujavia-Type tombs of the Funnel Beaker culture, and a Trzciniec culture settlement), Szarbia, Kielce province (1980-1985; a Mierzanowice culture ettlement and cemetery), Zofipole, Kraków province (1986 and 1997; a Late Roman settlement and a pottery production site), Myslawczyce, Kraków province (1988-1994; a long-term settlement mostly dating to the Late Roman Period), Lekawa, Kielce province (1991, 1992; cemeteries of the Corded Ware and Lusitian cultures), Kocmyrzów, Kraków province (1996, 1997; cemeteries of the Corded Ware culture and Lusitian cultures), Wielka Wies, Tarnów province (1996, 1997; a multi-cultural Bronze Age and Early Iron Age site), Czchów, Tarnów province (1997; Corded Ware culture and Otomani culture settlements), Loniowa, Tarnów province (1997; a Linear Pottery culture house); and Stradów, Kielce province (1997; chronology of an Early Medieval hillfort).
aspect of the Branch’s activities is international cooperation. Long-term
research with the Archaeological Institute of the
project with the Archaeological Institute of the
Oblazowa Rock, Bialka River Gorge, Pieniny Mts
Upper Paleolithic mammoth tusk boomerang. Photo M. Biernacki
settlement between the San and
Corded Ware culture mound.
staff of the Branch has directed nine major grant-supported projects related
to key issues of the prehistory of southern
It should be
noted that the Branch, together with Jagiellonian
University and the Archaeological Museum in Cracow,
form a research unit of the Cracow Group for the
Freeway Project. The Group is involved in vast rescue excavations in the area
The Branch issues two periodicals: Sprawozdania Archeologiczne (Archaeological Reports) and Acta Archaeologica Carpathica.